Trabzon Havalimanında Kuş Zararlarına Karşı Biyolojik Mücadele Yöntemleri Eğitimli Köpek Kullanımı

Sarı A. (Executive), Arpacık A., Başkaya Ş., Çelik A.

Project Supported by Higher Education Institutions, 2021 - 2022

  • Project Type: Project Supported by Higher Education Institutions
  • Begin Date: February 2021
  • End Date: March 2022

Project Abstract

In this study, for the first time in Turkey, a trained dog was used in the fight against birds at Trabzon Airport and its effects were determined. During the project (26 February 2021 – 20 February 2022), a total of 75 field studies were carried out. In field studies, direct and indirect observation methods (camera trap, species identifying features such as bird's nest, eggs, feathers, vomit, feathers) and trained dogs were used. As a result of the observations, 109 bird species belonging to 39 families were identified at Trabzon Airport. The number of native species observed throughout the year during the project is 33. According to the Aviation Safety Risk Values (ASRV) classification, there are a total of 36 bird species observed at Trabzon Airport during the study at the levels of intermediate potential danger (3), high potential danger (4) and very high potential danger (5). There are 24 bird species of 700 grams and above among the species identified during the project in and around Trabzon Airport. As a result of the use of the trained dog, which is the main purpose of the project, there has been a decrease of up to 84.8% in the number of native birds at the airport when quarterly data are compared. The highest yield from the trained dog used within the scope of the project was obtained with the participation of grass lengths in the struggle. In order to be successful in fighting birds in order to increase flight safety at Trabzon Airport, wildlife experts should be assigned to the field, and biological and physical control methods should be applied together.