Aim: Music is the preferred method of sedation due to its noninvasive nature, affordable cost, and easy application. In this study, we aimed to compare music therapy with a control (non-music) group in terms of perioperative sedation requirements, anxiety levels, and patient satisfaction starting from the preoperative period in patients who underwent orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia.
Material and Methods: This study was carried out prospectively with 50 patients in the ASA I-II risk group, aged 18-60 years and will undergo elective non-oncological orthopedic surgery. Patients taken to the preparation room were randomly classified into two groups. Propofol (FRESENIUS-Germany) infusion was started at 1 mg/kg/hour in patients who underwent spinal anesthesia in the operation room. The Bispectral Index Monitor™ (BIS) was used to verify sedation. Hemodynamic data and BIS values were recorded preoperatively (t1) and during spinal anesthesia (t2). Perioperative values were recorded at the 5th, 15th, 30th, 60th minute (t3, t4, t5, t6) and postoperative 30th minute (t7).
Results: There was no statistically significant difference between patients’ demographic characteristics and the duration of surgery. Although lower values were detected in the music group in terms of heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) at all times, the difference between the groups was not statistically significant. When evaluated in terms of BIS scores, significantly lower values were recorded in the music group at all times. When Ramsey Sedation Scores were compared, while high scores were obtained at t2 and after in the music group at all times, the results at t5, t6, t7 times were found to be significantly higher.
Discussion: Our study showed that listening to Sufi music starting from the preoperative period has positive effects on anxiety. Considering the negative effects of anxiety on the experience of anesthesia and operation success, it can be said that the more frequent use of a non-invasive method such as music can reduce the anxiety of the operation.