A 3D numerical simulation-based methodology for assessment of landslide-generated impulse waves: a case study of the Tersun Dam reservoir (NE Turkey)

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Karahan M., Ersoy H., Akgün A.

LANDSLIDES, vol.17, no.12, pp.2777-2794, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10346-020-01440-4
  • Journal Name: LANDSLIDES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2777-2794
  • Keywords: Landslide, Impulse wave, Dam reservoir, 3D simulation, Numerical model, HAZARD ASSESSMENT, STABILITY ANALYSIS, SLOPE FAILURE, MECHANISM, IMPACT, PRESSURE, MODEL, WATER
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper focuses on the evaluation of temporal and spatial propagations of impulse waves using 3D numerical simulation-based models for a potential landslide area in the Tersun Dam reservoir, Northeast Turkey. The topographical model was created using Stereo Lithography files, and a drift-flux model was used to simulate the landslides. The wave generation was simulated using the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The Drift-Flux approach was selected, and a renormalization group-basedk-epsilon turbulence model was used to create a fluid-solid coupled model. The results show that a 16.5-m impulse wave is created as a result of sliding material hitting the water at a velocity of 16.4 m/s. The wave will reach the opposite shore in 27.4 s, and the run-up height will reach up to 48.8 m. As the wave, with an average velocity of 11.6 m/s in the reservoir, propagates toward the dam body, its height will decrease, and a 3.7-m-high wave will hit the dam in 155 s. A validation analysis performed using empirical equations and laboratory model tests indicates small differences in the results. The main reason for these differences is that the evaluation of wave properties is independent of the type of mass movement in empirical methods. A proper stability analysis is required to have a better estimation of the volume and the velocity of the sliding mass.