Objective: Work areas and clinical practices have an effect on
cesarean rates, which are also high in health professionals. Anesthesia
professionals and the health professionals who are far from surgical
practices may have different views on delivery methods. In this
study, it was aimed to investigate which delivery method between
vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery was selected by the anesthesia
professionals and the health professionals outside the operating room,
and why they selected it.
Material and methods: 137 anesthesia professionals and 151 health
professionals who had never worked in the operating room were
included in this study. The participants' ages, professions and methods
of delivery and reasons were questioned by the survey method.
Results: While 58.3% of all the participants preferred the cesarean
delivery method at their first birth, 41.7% preferred vaginal delivery. The
preference rates of anesthesia professionals for cesarean delivery (69.9%)
were found higher than those of the professionals working outside the
operating room (46.6%), (p<0.05). As the reason of preference for cesarean
delivery, the option of “not putting the baby at risk” is higher among
anesthesia professionals than the professionals outside the operating
room (p<0.05). As the reason of vaginal delivery, “more physiological”,
“fear of anesthesia and surgery”, “early recovery and desire to breastfeed
baby” higher compared to anesthesia professionals (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Knowing, practicing and seeing the anesthesia and
surgical procedures every day have given the idea that these practices
are simple, comfortable and have low risks, so the cesarean delivery rate
has increased in anesthesia professionals.