Electroencephalographic investigation of the effects of Ginkgo biloba on spike-wave discharges in rats with genetic absence epilepsy

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Gedikli Ö. , Akca M., Yildirim M.

Epilepsy and Behavior, vol.122, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 122
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.108165
  • Title of Journal : Epilepsy and Behavior
  • Keywords: Absence epilepsy, EEG, Ginkgo biloba, Spike-wave discharge, WAG/Rij rat


© 2021 Elsevier Inc.Objective: EGb 761, a plant extract obtained from the leaves of the Ginkgo biloba tree, is widely used in modern medicine and traditional medicine applications in the treatment of many diseases. However, in some clinical case reports, it has been suggested that G. biloba causes epileptic seizures. A limited number of experimental animal studies related to the effects of G. biloba on epileptic seizures do not provide sufficient information on the solution of a serious clinical problem with contrasting findings. We aimed to investigate the effects of EGb 761 administered in different doses to adult male Wistar Albino Glaxo/Rijswijk (WAG/Rij) rats which is the genetic animal model of absence epilepsy, on absence seizures using in vivo electrophysiological method. In addition, the effects of EGb 761 doses on locomotor behavior of WAG/Rij rats were evaluated with open-field and rotarod behavioral tests. Methods: 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg doses of EGb 761 were administered to male WAG/Rij rats with implanted EEG electrodes by oral gavage for 28 days. Evaluation of absence seizures was performed on spike-wave discharges (SWDs) in EEG recorded for 4 h each week. The number of SWDs, the total duration of SWDs, and the mean duration of SWD were determined for the analysis. Results: In the group treated with 400 mg/kg EGb 761, the number of SWDs and the mean duration of SWD at the 1st and 7th doses and the total duration of SWDs at the 1st, 7th and 14th doses were significantly increased (p < 0.05). In all experimental groups treated with EGb 761 doses, there was no significant change in locomotor activity in the open-field and the rotarod tests. Conclusion: Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 increased the epileptic SWD parameters of WAG/Rij rats at high doses (400 mg/kg), causing a pro-epileptic effect on absence seizures. It should be noted that in patients with epilepsy and in high-dose applications, G. biloba extract EGb 761 may lead to an increase in neuronal excitability.