The behavior of reinforced concrete frames exposed to high temperature under cyclic load effect


Structures, vol.63, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.istruc.2024.106446
  • Journal Name: Structures
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Cyclic loading, High temperature, Reinforced concrete frame, Structural behavior
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Continued use of the structure through minor renovations and repairs without a complete and accurate determination of the extent of damage to the structure and its elements exposed to high temperature effects due to fire, etc. will cause more loss of life and property in the event of an earthquake that may occur later. The aim of this study is to determine the losses on the lateral load and energy damping capacities and stiffness of reinforced concrete frames exposed to 200, 400, 600 and 800 ℃ high temperatures for 60, 120 and 180 min. For this purpose, 13 reinforced concrete frame test elements with the same concrete and steel material properties and dimensions were produced. All reinforced concrete frame test members were brought to the specified target temperature within one hour and exposed to high temperature effects for 60, 120 and 180 min at these target temperatures. The test members then allowed cooling down on their own and when they reached room temperature, they removed from the oven and subjected to cyclic lateral loading tests. The data obtained from the cyclic lateral loading tests processed to obtain lateral load - horizontal displacement, stiffness - horizontal displacement, cumulative energy consumption - horizontal displacement and strength envelope curves for each test element. According to the results of the cyclic lateral loading tests, it was determined that the lateral load carrying capacities of the test members exposed to high temperature for 60, 120 and 180 min decreased by 24 %, 33.33 % and 36 % in push, and by 25.76 %, 37.6 % and 38.72 % in pull, respectively. In addition, the energy consumption of the test elements exposed to high temperature for 60, 120 and 180 min decreased by 30.98 %, 42.41 % and 39.62 %, respectively, compared to the reference test element. The initial stiffness of all test elements exposed to the high temperature effect decreased compared to the initial stiffness of the reference test element not exposed to the high temperature effect. According to these results, the effect of high temperature causes losses in many parameters that are of vital importance in the building elements, but also highly affects the earthquake behavior of the building.