Effect of Antiasthmatic Medication on the Surface Roughness and Color Stability of Dental Restorative Materials

AYAZ E. A., Bagis B., TURĞUT S.

MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE, vol.23, no.1, pp.24-28, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000354297
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-28
  • Keywords: Asthma, Salbutamol sulfate, Dental materials, Surface roughness, Color stability, GLASS-IONOMER, ASTHMA, CARIES, CHILDREN
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: This study evaluated the effect of antiasthmatic medication on the surface roughness and color stability of dental restorative materials. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 disc-shaped specimens were fabricated from glass ionomer (n = 20), composite resin (n = 20) and feldspathic porcelain (n = 20). Each material group was randomly divided into two subgroups (n = 10): (1) control group and (2) test group. Control groups of the specimens were kept in artificial saliva. Test groups were exposed to salbutamol sulfate (Ventolin Nebules) using an inhaler machine. Surface roughness measurements were done using a profilometry and color measurements were done with digital colorimetry at baseline and after inhalation and storing in artificial saliva. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-hoc Fisher's least significant difference test were used to compare the change in surface roughness and color. The confidence level was set at 95%. Results: Inhaler treatment significantly increased the surface roughness and color change of glass ionomer and composite resin materials (p < 0.05), while the surface roughness and color of feldspathic porcelain was not changed after inhaler treatment (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The antiasthmatic inhaler medication (salbutamol sulfate) affected the surface roughness and color of composite resin and glass ionomer restorative materials. (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel