Psychological effects of physical deficiencies in the residences on elderly persons: A case study in Trabzon Old Person's Home in Turkey

Kahya N. C., Zorlu T., Özgen S., Sari R., Elmalı Şen D., Sagsoz A.

APPLIED ERGONOMICS, vol.40, no.5, pp.840-851, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apergo.2008.09.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.840-851
  • Keywords: Elderly people, Ageing, Old person's home, Physical conditions, Psychological well-being, NURSING-HOME, SATISFACTION, LIFE, SERVICE
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, elderly persons' physical and spiritual necessities and their satisfaction in their residences are investigated by applying a comprehensive questionnaire on the residents of Trabzon Old Person's Home. By grouping the residents of the home according to their age, gender, marital status, occupation, health conditions, cultural status, and economic conditions, their expectations are determined. Physical conditions of the home are also examined in order to determine whether the necessities of the residents are met or not. The questionnaire consisting of 75 questions is applied to 60 people, and 4500 data points are analyzed by using SPSS software. In the results of this study, physical deficiencies that require elderly persons want to be in Trabzon Old Person's Home are determined. It is also determined that 86.7% of the residents are pleased with living in the old persons' home and they could get used to living in the old persons' home but 73.3% of the residents do not want to send someone in their family to the old person's home, These contradictory results show that residents do not want to live in old person's home but they adapt in there because of compulsoriness. This situation affects the residents' psychological well-being in a negative way. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.