Site characterization and evaluation of the stability of the Yesilyurt Landslide (Trabzon, NE Turkey) using back analysis method

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JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICS AND ENGINEERING, vol.15, no.3, pp.927-937, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1742-2140/aaa9c3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.927-937
  • Keywords: back analysis, landslide, limit equilibrium, stability, Yesilyurt
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to determine the soil profile of the Yesilyurt Landslide Area (NE Turkey) and to investigate the stability of the landslide area after the excavation planned by back analysis for support design. For these purposes, after the 1/1000 scaled engineering geological map was prepared, seismic refraction, electrical resistivity tomography and ground penetrating radar measurements were performed on different profiles to understand vertical and horizontal homogeneity of the landslide materials and undisturbed/disturbed soil samples were obtained from the test pits to determine the geotechnical properties of the soil. The results of the geophysical measurements showed that the landslide material was composed of two different soil zones. While the maximum thickness of the upper zone is 2.5, the thickness of the lower zone is about 5 m. The depth of dasidic rock mass is about 7 m. Residual cohesions of the soil samples obtained upper and lower zones were determined as 38 kPa and 44 kPa, and their residual friction angles were determined as 18 degrees and 15 degrees respectively. Unit weight values of the soil samples obtained from both zones were 16.9 kN m(-3). The data obtained from laboratory tests showed that the landslide material is a uniform lithology. The geophysical measurements indicate that the wave velocity and resistivity values of these profiles differ from each other due to groundwater at a depth of 2.5 m. Limit equilibrium analysis were carried out with Slide v5.0 software using data obtained from the field measurements and laboratory tests to evaluate current and supported cases of the studied area. Because the safety factor of the slope obtained from the LE analyses is 0.99 and the studied soil environment is considered as unstable, the reliable and economical reinforcement was suggested using the retaining wall. The back-analysis method was evaluated to ensure the stability for a 1.5 safety factor and finally the lateral active forces for the retaining wall were calculated in the LE analysis as 718 kN and 1839 kN for without and with seismic load respectively.