Investigation the Effect of the Time Difference of Arrival Sets on the Positioning Accuracy for Source Localization


ÇAKIR O. , KAYA İ. , ÇAKIR Ö.

22nd IEEE Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), Trabzon, Turkey, 23 - 25 April 2014, pp.2249-2252 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/siu.2014.6830713
  • City: Trabzon
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.2249-2252

Abstract

Electromagnetic, acoustic, or seismic sources can be positioned using direction, time, frequency or time/frequency difference of their transmitted signals. Source coordinates are found using time difference of arrival (TDOA) method that depends on the time differences of spatially separated receivers. In these methods, two different TDOA sets are used, including independent/spherical and full. In this study, positioning with particle swarm optimization (PSO) is achieved using independent set and full sets and positioning error is compared with Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB). In addition, it is proven that CRLB can be exceeded using the PSO algorithm that uses the full TDOA set.