Traumatic Dental Injuries Occurred in Primary Teeth and their Sequel Effects on the Developmental Permanent Successors: A Controlled Study


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YILMAZ N. , Erbek S. M. , Reis T., Guduk O. F. , BAYGIN Ö. , TÜZÜNER T.

PESQUISA BRASILEIRA EM ODONTOPEDIATRIA E CLINICA INTEGRADA, vol.21, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/pboci.2021.153
  • Title of Journal : PESQUISA BRASILEIRA EM ODONTOPEDIATRIA E CLINICA INTEGRADA
  • Keywords: Tooth, Deciduous, Tooth Injuries, Tooth Avulsion, PRIMARY DENTITION, LUXATION INJURIES, KNOWLEDGE, PREDECESSORS, DISTURBANCES, EPIDEMIOLOGY, MANAGEMENT, CHILDREN

Abstract

Objective: To examine the types of traumatic dental injuries of the primary teeth (TDI-p) and the long-term sequelae on permanent dentition (LSP) comparing with a control group (CG). In addition, a questionnaire that measures parents' knowledge and awareness was used. Material and Methods: The trauma group (TG) consisted of permanent teeth following TDI-p exposed teeth, while the CG consisted of permanent teeth following unexposed teeth with TDI-p of the same patients. In total, 141 teeth were evaluated in 27 patients. Data concerning such as teeth, when TDI-p occurred, types of treatments and types of LSP were collected. Chi-square test was used for intergroup comparison for gender, type of trauma, LSP, age of trauma and parameters in the parental information questionnaire. Significance level was p<0.05. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the analysis between TG and CG (p<0.001). The prevalence of LSP due to TDI-p was 29.6% and the prevalence of sequelae in CG was 7.4%. The most common LSP was enamel hypoplasia (14.8%). Parents were aware of the importance of TDI-p, and they had insufficient knowledge about its management. Conclusion: TDI-p can be considered a high-risk factor in the development of LSP. Also, the lack of knowledge in parents should he supported by software-based application systems to be developed.