Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan and the Baluchistan Conflict


ÜLGÜL M.

ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, vol.13, no.50, pp.59-75, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 50
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.33458/uidergisi.463065
  • Title of Journal : ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-75

Abstract

This article analyzes the differences between civilians' and soldiers' approach to the solutions of ethnic conflicts through the Baluchistan conflict, an important domestic problem in Pakistan during the Musharraf military regime and Zardari civilian regime. The findings show that the military and military-origined politicians preferred to solve the Baluchistan conflict through military measures whereas politically-weak civilians looked at the conflict through a wider perspective. The methodological differences between these groups will be explained with the military activism perspective which argues that soldiers are more war-prone than civilians because of institutional and personal interests as well as military-mindset.This article analyzes the differences between civilians' and soldiers' approach to the solutions of ethnic conflicts through the Baluchistan conflict, an important domestic problem in Pakistan during the Musharraf military regime and Zardari civilian regime. The findings show that the military and military-origined politicians preferred to solve the Baluchistan conflict through military measures whereas politically-weak civilians looked at the conflict through a wider perspective. The methodological differences between these groups will be explained with the military activism perspective which argues that soldiers are more war-prone than civilians because of institutional and personal interests as well as military-mindset.