Pediatric injuries pose a significant problem, both in Turkey and worldwide, because they lead to death or disability in a number of children each year. This quasi-experimental study aimed to identify the effects of the training provided to mothers with children aged 0-6 years about the hazards that lead to pediatric injuries. The population of the research comprised mothers with children aged 0-6 years, living in the city center. Considering the educational and socioeconomic levels of the individuals registered in the family health centers (FHC), the FHCs were divided into 3 groups of high, moderate, and low socioeconomic level. Subsequently, 1 FHC was selected from each level using simple random sampling. The study was conducted with 300 volunteer mothers registered in these FHCs. The tools used for data collection included the "0-6-year-old Children's Mothers' identification Scale of Safety Precautions for the Prevention of Pediatric Injuries," the "Risk Assessment Form for Pediatric Injuries" (RAF), and a 33-item questionnaire. After the training on the prevention of pediatric injuries, the mothers' scores on the identification of safety precautions for pediatric injuries increased significantly (p = 000). In addition, there was a significant difference between the pre- and posttest scores of the mothers (p < .05) on all dimensions of the RAF (choking, burns, poisoning, sharp object injuries, and falling; all p values <.05). Thus, the training provided to mothers to prevent pediatric injuries was effective in improving the awareness of the mothers.