Physical and Mechanical Properties of Mycelium-based Fiberboards


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GEZER E. D., Uçar E., GÜMÜŞKAYA E.

BioResources, vol.19, no.2, pp.3421-3435, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.15376/biores.19.2.3421-3435
  • Journal Name: BioResources
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.3421-3435
  • Keywords: Fiberboard, Mechanical properties, Mycelium, Mycelium-based Fiberboard, Physical properties
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Mycelium-based fiberboards were evaluated as potential environmentally friendly substitutes for conventional wood-based composites. The goal of this study was to produce and test fiberboards out of yellow pine and poplar fiber mixtures without using any extra adhesive. Pleurotus ostreatus and Ganoderma lucidum fungi were used. The physical and mechanical characteristics of the fiberboards were tested under the influence of two different types of fungi and two different incubation periods. The key findings indicated that the mycelium-based fiberboards had higher water absorption and thickness swelling percentages compared to control boards produced with adhesives. The fiberboards produced from fibers inoculated with Ganoderma lucidum and incubated for 30 days had higher mechanical properties compared to other test fiberboards. This indicated the possibility of utilizing them in specific applications. Although the mycelium-based fiberboards did not fully meet all the EN 622-5 (2009) standard requirements for dry-condition use, the results highlighted their potential in sustainable material development. This study provided useful insights into the utilization of mycelium for the development of mycelium-based fiberboards.