Aqueous two-phase extraction and characterization of thermotolerant alkaliphilic <i>Cladophora hutchinsiae</i> xylanase: biochemical properties and potential applications in fruit juice clarification and fish feed supplementation


ÖZ TUNCAY F., Cakmak U., KOLCUOĞLU Y.

PREPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.54, no.4, pp.553-563, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10826068.2023.2253469
  • Journal Name: PREPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Computer & Applied Sciences, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.553-563
  • Keywords: Aqueous two-phase systems, Cladophora hutchinsiae, enzyme purification, thermotolerant xylanase
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Xylanase finds extensive applications in diverse biotechnological fields such as biofuel production, pulp and paper industry, baking and brewing industry, food and feed industry, and deinking of waste paper. Here, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-phosphate aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) was applied for the purification of an alkaline active and thermotolerant xylanase from a marine source, Cladophora hutchinsiae (C. hutchinsiae). In the purification process, the effects of some experimental factors such as PEG concentration and PEG molar mass, potassium phosphate(K(2)HP0(4)) concentration, and pH on xylanase distribution were systematically investigated. Relative enzymatic activity and purification factor obtained were 93.21% and 7.18, respectively. A single protein band of 28 kDa was observed on SDS-PAGE. The optimum temperature and pH of xylanase with beechwood xylan were 30 degrees C and 9.0, respectively. The Lineweaver-Burk graph was utilized to determine the Km (4.5 +/- 0.8 mg/mL), Vmax (0.04 +/- 0.01U) and kcat (0.001 s(-1)) values of the enzyme. It was observed that the purified xylanase maintained 70% of its activity at 4 degrees C and was found stable at pH 4.0 by retaining almost all of its activity. Enzymatic activity was slightly enhanced with Na+, K+, Ca2+ and acetone. The highest increase in the reducing sugar amount was 53.6 +/- 3.8, for orange juice at 50 U/mL enzyme concentration.