The superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-x samples were prepared by an Arc-Cast-Annealing (ACA) and Arc-Quench-Powder-Growth (AQPG) processes as modifications of QMG and MPMG techniques. Pellets of YBa2Cu3O7-x were quenched by arc-casting in a water cooled copper mould and then the solidified rods were annealed at different temperatures and times to store the superconductivity. Annealed at an appropriate temperature the cast rods showed rising superconducting properties with increasing the annealing time. Some of the rods after solidification were crushed to give powder which was compacted and then subjected to a melt growth process. As a result of this processing, large grained textured YBCO superconductors with dispersed 211 inclusions in the superconducting grains were produced. The microstructure and physical properties of these ACA and AQPG samples were investigated when subject to various temperature cycles. It was found that the volume fraction and size distribution of the second phase inclusions were dependent upon the maximum temperature during the melt growth process. The critical current density (J(c)) for ACA and AQPG samples was estimated from magnetization ACA sample. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A.