The Guleman ophiolitic chromitites (SE Turkey) and their link to a compositionally evolving mantle source during subduction initiation

UYSAL İ. , Kapsiotis A., Akmaz R. M. , Saka S. , SEITZ H. M.

ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, cilt.93, ss.98-113, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


Economically viable chrome ore bodies are hosted within a unit of pervasively serpentinized harzburgite in the Guleman mine of the homonymous ophiolite in SE Turkey. Chrome ores consist of m- to tens of m-scale tectonically imprinted chromitite bodies, showing semi-massive to massive texture and podiform to lenticular morphology. They are hosted in dunite envelopes of variable thickness and are composed of chromian spinel [Cr-spinel] with high Cr#[Cr/(Cr + Al) = 0.61-0.81] and Mg# [(Mg/Mg + Fe2+) = 0.56-0.72], and low TiO2 (0.06-0.33 wt%) content. Compositionally, they are divided into intermediate-Cr (CrSp#: 0.610.69) and high-Cr chromitites (Cr#Sp: 0.71-0.81). Chromian spinel from the intermediate-Cr chromitites is richer in Ni, Ti, Zn and Ga compared to that from the high-Cr chromitites. Both chromitite types show a general enrichment in IPGE (Os, Ir and Ru) over PPGE (Rh, Pt and Pd). The PGM assemblages of these chromitites are dominated by small (<= 6 mu m), idiomorphic inclusions of Ru-Os bisulfides and subordinate Os-Ir-Ru alloy in Cr-spinel. Bisulfides within the intermediate-Cr chromitites show a wider range of Os-for-Ru substitution than those hosted in the Cr-rich chromitites [Ru/(Ru + Os): 0.15-0.86 vs. 0.71-0.86, respectively].