Bulk MgB2 superconductor for levitation applications fabricated with boron processed by different routes

SAVAŞKAN B., ÖZTÜRK U. K., GÜNER S. B., Abdioglu M., Bahadır M., Acar S., ...More

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol.961, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 961
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.170893
  • Journal Name: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Public Affairs Index, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Boron quality, Critical current density, Levitation force, MgB2 superconductor, Pinning force
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Bulk MgB2 discs were prepared by an in situ route from mixtures of magnesium and boron powders. The boron powders were produced by two methods. The first one consisted of a self-propagating high temperature magnesiothermic synthesis (SHS) process followed by acid and fluorine cleaning and a heat treatment in inert atmosphere. This approach produced boron with purities between 86 % and 97 %, where the main impurity was Mg. Depending on the final heat treatment, these boron powders were amorphous or crystalline. In the second route, high purity nano powders (99 %) of boron were obtained by a diborane pyrolysis process. Bulks of MgB2 were characterized by structural, microstructural, and magnetic measurements. Critical current density, pinning force aspects and levitation force (including guiding force) details were assessed. Amorphous lower purity boron (86–97 %) obtained by the first processing route was found to promote the largest levitation forces of the MgB2 bulks and, among these samples, the best levitation results were recorded when using boron with a purity of 95–97 %. Use of a lower purity boron that decreases the cost of MgB2 promotes large scale production at industrial level of bulk MgB2 superconducting magnets for levitation applications and enhances the applicability potential of MgB2 superconductor. The relationship between levitation force and specific features of the samples such as pinning force details are discussed.