Seasonal and spatial variations of marine litter on the south-eastern Black Sea coast


MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, vol.120, pp.154-158, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 120
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.04.041
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.154-158
  • Keywords: Coastal pollution, Marine debris, Plastic, Styrofoam, BEACH LITTER, DEBRIS, ABUNDANCE, CHINA, SEAWATERS, TAIWAN, SHORES, LAND, BAY
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The south-eastern Black Sea coast in Turkey was evaluated for marine litter composition and density covering nine beaches during four seasons. The marine litter ( > 2 cm in size), was collected from the coast and categorized into material and usage categories. The data analysis showed that plastic was the most abundant litter (>= 61.65%) by count and weight followed by styrofoam and fabric. The marine litter density ranged from 0.03 to 0.58 with a mean (+/- SD) of 0.16 +/- 0.02 items/m(2) by count. Based on weight, it varied between 0.44 and 14.74 g/m(2) with 3.35 +/- 1.63. The east side had a higher marine litter density than the west side with significant differences between beaches. The variations due to different seasons were not significant for any beach. The results of this study should provide baseline information about the coastal marine pollution and will assist the mitigation strategies.