Preparation and characterization of nano-enhanced myristic acid using metal oxide nanoparticles for thermal energy storage


Ouikhalfan M., SARI A. , Chehouani H., Benhamou B., Bicer A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, cilt.43, ss.8592-8607, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 14
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/er.4856
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.8592-8607

Özet

Fatty acids have been broadly used as phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage. However, low thermal conductivity limits their performances. This paper investigates the influence of metal oxide nanoparticle addition on myristic acid (MA) as nano-enhanced PCM (NEPCM). Stability, chemical, and thermal properties were considered. Four types of nanoaprticles, TiO2, CuO, Al2O3, and ZnO, were dispersed in MA at 0.1, 0.5, 1, and 2 wt%. Stability and dispersion were checked by sediment photograph capturing and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy. The Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed no chemical interaction between the nanoparticles and MA. The results revealed a ratio of thermal conductivity of 1.50, 1.49, 1.45, and 1.37, respectively, for 2 wt% of ZnO, Al2O3, CuO, and TiO2. The T-history method confirmed this enhancement. The latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) properties of the nano-enhanced MA were evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry. The latent heat capacities of nano-enhanced MA samples have dropped between 9.64 and 5.01 % compared with pure MA, and phase change temperature range was not affected significantly. The NEPCM was subjected to 500 thermal cycling, it showed a good thermal reliability as LHTES properties remained unchanged, while FTIR analysis showed similar characteristics compared with uncycled samples, indicating a good chemical stability. Based on the results regarding with the LHTES properties, cycling thermal reliability, and higher thermal conductivity improvement, it can be achieved that the MA/Al2O3 (2.0 wt%) and MA/ZnO (2.0 wt%) composites could be better PCMs for solar TES applications.