AN EVALUATION ON ART WRITINGS PUBLISHED IN THE NEWSPAPER OF "SANAT VE EDEBIYAT (ART AND LITERATURE)"


Koc E.

SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY, vol.30, no.1, pp.305-335, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.29135/std.829180
  • Title of Journal : SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY
  • Page Numbers: pp.305-335

Abstract

Periodical publications such as journals and newspapers are media organs where political and daily news, fashion and sports news, and culture and art activities are followed. They are important reference materials for those who work in social sciences fields such as history, art history, sociology, political sciences and communication as they reflect the political, socioeconomic and cultural climate of the era. The grant holder of the Art and Literature (Sanat ve Edebiyat) gazette which follows the important matters, developments, and disputes of the era with its expert and polyphonic writer staff, was Suut Kemal Yetkin and the chief editor was Selahattin Batu until the 15th issue and Lutfi Ay afterwards. The gazette published 50 issues between January 4th and December 16th, 1947. The gazette was published once a week until the 22th issue and then it met with its readers once in two weeks due to some negativities. The articles in the gazette about different genres of literature and art such as theater, cinema, novels, poems, paintings, architecture, and music were written by prominent figures of the period such as painter, poet, writer, critic, archaeologist, politician and journalist like Suut Kemal Yetkin, Lutfi Ay, Selahattin Batu, Malik Aksel, Melahat Ozgu, Arif Kaptan, Sevket Rado, Memduh Cevdet Altar, M. Nuri Gencosman, Cahit Tanyol, Esat Tekeli, Ali Suha Delilbasi, Ekrem Akurgal, Arif Kaptan, Nureddin Sevin, Halide Edip Adivar, Zahir Guvemli, Oktay Akbal, Refik Epikman, Orhan Burian, Mehmet Kaplan, Remzi Oguz Arik, Behcet Necatigil, Agah Sirri Levend, H. Basri Yuce, Nurullah Berk, and Esref Uren. The gazette followed the developments in the art world in mainly Ankara as it was published in Ankara, and Istanbul, Turkey and it also presented news and new developments of art in other countries in addition to Turkish literature and art as well as the prestigious names of the art and literature world. The writers of the gazette shared the consensus that art, which was in the service of ideologies during the World War II and was directed especially by the totalitarian regimes, should avoid all types of propagandas and deal with its own problems and the art and artists should be free. The gazette becomes prominent among the limited number of art publications with its articles mentioning the definitions of art and artist and the roles it should assume rather than the structural problems of art. The content of art writings consisted of debates that determine the art agenda such as old-new art, representation of art, art criticism and critic, and the developments of the art environment such as the promotion of national and international exhibition news, artist meetings and dinners. However, the Art and Literature (Sanat ve Edebiyat) gazette, which could only be published for a year, assumed a role in feeling the pulse of art with its art writings/news including discussions that determined the agenda in the art environment despite its short publication period, and it undertook to raise an intellectual audience informed about the cultural and artistic developments in Turkey and in the world. All the issues of the newspaper Art and Literature (Sanat ve Edebiyat) addressed in this study were found from the National Library; especially the articles about painting in the newspaper advertised were addressed.