Internet Gaming Disorder and Treatment Approaches: A Systematic Review

Nazligul M. D., BAŞ S., Akyuz Z., YORULMAZ O.

ADDICTA-THE TURKISH JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS, vol.5, no.1, pp.28-35, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.15805/addicta.2018.5.1.0018
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.28-35
  • Keywords: Internet gaming disorder, Gaming addiction, PRISMA, Treatment approaches, Systematic review, ONLINE GAME ADDICTION, YOUNG-ADULTS, VALIDATION, ADOLESCENTS, SCALE, THERAPY, FAMILY, TURKEY
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the phenomenology of the psychiatric diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD), which has a serious potential, through the physical and psychosocial impacts of recent candidates for its diagnosis, followed by current treatment approaches for this problem. Using specific terms, a comprehensive database search of PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science, and PubMed was conducted to access particular studies that examine treatment interventions for IGD. All searches have been limited to full text papers published between 2000 and 2017. Six eligible treatment studies fulfilling the criteria of preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) as an international guideline were included in the literature review. The evaluation criteria of the IGD were observed to differ among studies and the current samples to consist predominantly of males in adolescence to young adulthood. The findings on interventions indicate that different treatment modalities show successful results in reducing IGD symptoms and the time spent playing games, as well as on addictive individuals' progress regarding verbal expression. The general impressions of this systematic review are that although technology seems to facilitate life, Internet use and gaming habits at the same time can easily turn into a serious psychiatric problem. On the other hand, relatively little is known about IGD with a rather limited number of studies describing, assessing, and treating this problem. However, increasing information about this disorder is crucial for developing specific interventions. Thus, conducting additional research in Turkey as well as the world is essential for understanding IGD's nature and how to treat it.