Screening for frailty and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional study from the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey.


Sahin U. K., Tozluoglu E. Y., Durdu H., Korkmaz N., Bahar N. T., Yavuz E.

Aging clinical and experimental research, vol.34, no.9, pp.2047-2056, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40520-022-02164-2
  • Journal Name: Aging clinical and experimental research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2047-2056
  • Keywords: Older adults, Frailty, Sarcopenia, Screening, Prevalence, Association, PREVALENCE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, DISABILITY, MORTALITY, PEOPLE, RISK, MASS, PAIN
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of frailty, sarcopenia and associated factors among community-dwelling older adults living in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Methods The study sample comprised 404 community-dwelling older adults living in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. These subjects or proxies were contacted by mobile phone or the internet. The sociodemographic characteristics, falls and chronic pain were recorded. Frailty, sarcopenia, malnutrition, activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living were assessed using the FRAIL scale, SARC-F, Mini Nutrition Assessment-Short Form, Barthel Index and Lawton instrumental activities of daily living scale, respectively. Results The 404 older adults comprised 62% females and 38% males with a mean age of 73.4 +/- 7.4 years. The prevalence of positive frailty and sarcopenia screening were detected as 37.4% and 46.8%, respectively. The strongest associations with frailty were the presence of chronic lung disease [Odds ratio (OR) = 10.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.1, 49.8] and chronic pain [OR = 6.9; 95% CI = 3.2, 15.0]. The associations with sarcopenia were falls (OR = 7.4; 95% CI = 4.2, 12.9), dependence in instrumental activities of daily living (OR = 4.3; 95% CI = 2.2, 8.4), advancing age (OR = 2.6; 95% Cl = 1.4, 4.7), and dependence in daily living activities (OR = 2.2; 95% Cl = 1.3, 4.0). Female gender and falls were found to be co-related factors for frailty and sarcopenia. Conclusions Female gender and falls were independently associated with frailty and sarcopenia. In addition, chronic lung disease and chronic pain were major risk factors for frailty, while advancing age and dependence in daily living activities were major risk factors for sarcopenia. These factors should be considered to be able to identify individuals at high risk of frailty and sarcopenia and to prevent these geriatric syndromes.