Proposal for a typology in criminology from a place-oriented perspective


Erdoğan A., Erkan G. H.

SECURITY JOURNAL, vol.34, no.3, pp.458-497, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1057/s41284-019-00227-0
  • Journal Name: SECURITY JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, Criminal Justice Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.458-497
  • Keywords: Theories of crime, Criminology, Ecology of crime, Place-based theories of crime, Typology, CRIME

Abstract

Crime is a major ‘research subject’ in the social sciences and a ‘concern’ in policy making. Hence, criminology emerged as a specialised discipline which is gradually building a theoretical body of its own. However, since the phenomenon of crime is highly complex and multi-dimensional, any single theory of crime cannot cover all aspects. What is more critical is the effective use and improvement of these theories. Through analytical investigation, theories are categorised and represented both in a ‘generic diagram’ and in a ‘detailed typology for criminological theories from a place-oriented (spatio-temporality) perspective’, according to their “placeliness” and “placelessness”; direct or indirect relationship to place-based or other causal contexts; and scale of ecological analysis as micro, meso, or macro. These categories, within which new ecology is further differentiated as “early” and “late”, are identified with respect to their reasoning and perception of the concept in the historical-structural conditions they were founded in, the research question, the research fields and the policy proposals. It is expected that drawing a holistic picture of theories has a potential to support criminology researchers with a higher awareness of their domain.