Trabzon Girls' Institute and its Activities in the Early Years of the Republic


ÖZKAN KOÇ E.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.18, no.36, pp.1101-1139, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 36
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1101-1139
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The Girls' Institutes with roots that go back to the Girls' Art Schools in the Ottoman Empire, are one of the most significant indicators of how important the girls' and women's education is for the Republic. Founded first in the 1927-1928 academic year in Ankara, Istanbul and Adana and then in different cities of Anatolia, the Girls' Institutes prepared the girls for being a good housewife and a mother in a scientific discipline and have been influential in women's participation in social life. The female students, who are trained in accordance with the knowledge and experience needed in all aspects of life, have become sort of both representatives and practitioners of the Republic's vision of creating a new society. Trabzon Girls' Institute, which is the focus of this study, had been one of these institutions that was opened in Trabzon in 1936. Trabzon Girls' Institute, one of the earliest institutes, is important in terms of its place in women's education and the relationship it has established with the cultural and artistic life of the city. This study examines both the girls' education, and vocational and technical education in Ottoman and Republican era in a general sense, and addresses the missions, studies, transformations created by the Girls' Institution, one of the Republic's exemplary institution, in the country, and its place in women's modernization; and in particular, it will detail the Trabzon Girls' Institute, about which no academic studies have been conducted so far. The date range of the study is a 14-year period dates back between December 1936, the year of the opening of the institute, and 1950, when single-party system was over in Turkey. Current sources and the Decisions of the Turkish Board of Education of the Ministry of National Education, as well as periodical publications of the era such as Halk, Yeniyol, Inan, and Doguda Kultur Hareketleri were used within the scope of the study that addresses the institute's educational and training program, administrative and teacher staff and activities in the early years of the Republic.