Mechanical, durability and microstructure properties of concrete containing natural zeolite


COMPUTERS AND CONCRETE, vol.22, no.5, pp.449-459, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/cac.2018.22.5.449
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.449-459
  • Keywords: natural zeolite, strength, durability, freeze-thaw, elevated temperature, rapid chloride permeability, capillary water absorption, microstructure, HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE, SILICA FUME, FLY-ASH, IN-SITU, METAKAOLIN, STRENGTH, TEMPERATURE, POZZOLAN, CLINOPTILOLITE, CONSTRUCTION
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Concrete is one of the most widely used construction materials in the world. Producing economical and durable concrete is possible by employing pozzolanic materials. The aim of this study is to underline the possibility of the utilization of natural zeolite in producing concrete and investigate its effects basically on the strength and durability of concrete. In the production of concrete mixes, Portland cement was replaced by the natural zeolite at ratios of 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20% by weight. Concretes were produced with total binder contents of 300 kg/m(3) and 400 kg/m(3), but with a constant water to cement ratio of 0.60. In addition to compressive and flexural strength measurements, freeze-thaw and high temperature resistance measurements, rapid chloride permeability, and capillary water absorption tests were performed on the concrete mixes. Compared to the rest mixes, concrete mixes containing 10% zeolite yielded in with the highest compressive and flexural strengths. The rapid chloride permeability and the capillary measurements were decreased as the natural zeolite replacement was increased. Freeze-thaw resistance also improved significantly as the replacement ratio of zeolite was increased. Under the effect of elevated temperature, natural zeolite incorporated concretes with lower binder content yielded higher compressive strength. However, the compressive strengths of concretes with higher binder content after elevated temperature effect were found to be lower than the reference concrete.