Iliopsoas Haematoma: A Rare Complication of Warfarin Therapy


Ozkan O. F. , Guner A. , Cekic A. B. , Turan T., Kaya U., Reis E.

JCPSP-JOURNAL OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS PAKISTAN, vol.22, no.10, pp.673-674, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : JCPSP-JOURNAL OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS PAKISTAN
  • Page Numbers: pp.673-674

Abstract

Iliopsoas haematoma is a rare complication that occurs in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy. The clinical manifestation of iliopsoas haematoma is non-specific. It can mimic orthopaedic or neurological disorders, including paraesthesia or paresis of the thigh and leg due to compression of the nerve plexus. Among the many available diagnostic modalities, computed tomography is the most useful radiological method for diagnosis. Treatment approaches for iliopsoas haematoma include conservative therapy, surgical intervention, or transcatheter arterial embolisation. Conservative therapy consists of bed rest; restoration of circulating volume, and drug discontinuation for correcting underlying coagulopathy. Although a conservative approach is the first choice, transcatheter arterial embolisation and surgical intervention may be required in patients with hemodynamically unstable and active bleeding. The report described a case of iliopsoas haematoma due to anticoagulant therapy with paraesthesia in the left leg who was successfully treated by conservative approach.