13th International Symposium on Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Ankara, Turkey, 21 - 23 November 2018, pp.218-222
This manuscript reviews the effectiveness of major management measures in Turkish fisheries. There are many studies concerning biodiversity, selectivity of fishing gears and minimum landing sizes but their results cannot be efficiently used by the decision makers and fishery organizations. Studies on the environmental impacts of the management measures either on ecosystem or fishermen are limited. Moreover, decision makers have not intended to monitor effects of any measure to derive new incentives to restore the impacts of old ones. Basic questions can be raised as; 1) Have these measures taken over intensive participatory discussions? 2) How advisory committees organized to derive specific outcomes for the decision makers? 3) Are there any scientific evidences to put new management measures? 4) Each of new measures need monitoring studies in the implementation period, do we have such procedures? 5) Stock analyses/assessments mainly depend on fishing operational data. Does management authority establish a successful data collection system? 6) What is the quality and reliability of the available data? 7) What is the level of catch over minimum allowable size? 8) What are the bycatch rates for a given gear? 9) At what level we are successful to deter IUU fisheries? 10) Do we need regional management and for monitoring control and surveillance services? how can we combine all individual and institutional experiences for better management of fisheries by keeping ecosystem within the safe limits? To answer all these all these questions and solve existing problems, a widest consensus is vital between the stakeholders. At present management policies is not sufficient for the safe management of the stocks in Turkey. Major problems raise due to wrong “social” policies instead of “scientific” approach. Such “unfair” measures may create more serious ecosystem problems in developing countries and unsuccessfully managed fisheries. In this review, some of the major management measures and incentives were analyzed to show the impacts of these decisions on the fisheries and ecology of our seas.