Spray pyrolysis deposition of ZnO thin films on FTO coated substrates from zinc acetate and zinc chloride precursor solution at different growth temperatures

Alver U., Kudret A., Tekerek S.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, vol.72, no.6, pp.701-704, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


ZnO thin films were fabricated using zinc chloride and zinc acetate precursors by the spray pyrolysis technique on FTO coated glass substrates. The ZnO films were grown in different deposition temperature ranges varying from 400 to 550 degrees C. Influences of substrate temperature and zinc precursors on crystal structure, morphology and optical property of the ZnO thin films were investigated. XRD patterns of the films deposited using chloride precursor indicate that (1 0 1) is dominant at low temperatures, while those deposited using acetate precursor show that (1 0 1) is dominant at high temperatures. SEM images show that deposition temperature and type of precursor have a strong effect on the surface morphology. Optical measurements show that ZnO films are obviously influenced by the substrate temperatures and different types of precursor solutions. It is observed that as temperature increases, transmittance decreases for ZnO films obtained using zinc chloride precursor, but the optical transmittance of ZnO films obtained using zinc acetate precursor increases as temperature increases. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.