Microsatellite variation and population genetic structure of Anatolian mountain frogs


FOLIA BIOLOGICA-KRAKOW, vol.71, no.2, pp.105-114, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3409/fb_71-2.11
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-114
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Anatolian mountain frogs consist of two admitted species (Rana macrocnemis and Rana tavasensis), and this group is famous for its high land distribution throughout the Anatolian mountain chain. Despite the unique features of these groups (cold-adapted and highland species), their population genetics have yet to be revealed. In this study, the allelic variation and genetic structure of Anatolian mountain frogs were inve-stigated using six microsatellite markers across its natural distribution area in Turkiye. We evaluated 138 samples from 31 locations and clustered them based on a Structure analysis. The microsatellite markers suggested a high level of diversity in the East Anatolia cluster, while we found limited genetic diversity in the Central Taurus and West Anatolia clusters. We found a significant bottleneck in the Central Taurus cluster, with no genetic differentiation between R. macrocnemis and R. tavasensis. Our results show that the Anatolian mountain frogs exhibit underlying inbreeding signs for macro and microclimatic reasons.