RATES OF SURFACE FIRE SPREAD IN A YOUNG CALABRIAN PINE (Pinus brutia Ten.) PLANTATION


Kucuk O., BİLGİLİ E. , BULUT S., FERNANDES P. M.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL, vol.11, no.8, pp.1475-1480, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.30638/eemj.2012.184
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.1475-1480

Abstract

Fire behaviour data and models are essential in modern fire management. Thirty five experimental line-ignited fires were carried out in a young calabrian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) stand with the objective of modelling the rate of surface fire spread. Relationships between rate of fire spread, and fuel, weather and topographical conditions were established by correlation and regression analyses. Dead fine fuel loading ranged from 0.19 to 0.68 kg m(-2). Rate of fire spread varied from 0.3 to 3.75 m min(-1) and flame length ranged from 5 cm to 55 cm. Rate of fire spread equations were generated that described the relationships of spread rate with fuel and weather conditions, using linear regression models. Wind speed had a dominant effect on rate of surface fire spread and explained 72% (P < 0.01) of the observed variation.