An experimental study on vandalism: Trabzon Parks


SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS, vol.5, no.17, pp.2463-2471, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2463-2471
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Urban open spaces are places located and designed within the context of urban and landscape design that gives people opportunities in the urban environment. The existence of open public spaces contributes to symbolic dimensions as well as urban physical and functional dimensions that city dweller use and benefit. However, that makes it necessary to pay special attention to the organisation of these open spaces.


All the factors concerning planning should be taken into account and evaluated at the planning stage of the urban open spaces. Neglecting one or a few of the factors which should be scrutinized in the planning process may cause significantly great amount of physical and moral damages.


The problems that people face in their daily life are continuously increasing, and people’s resistance to these problems is gradually decreasing. In the course of a lifetime, accumulation of the stress of life occurring in an individual manifests itself in that accumulates on an individual who express’ that in the forms of grudge, anger, jealousy, hatred, longing, love, etc. Traces of some of these feelings can easily been seen when looked around, especially at the public spaces.

The theme of this paper is the physical dimension of the problem of vandalism of which social and physical reflections concern the city and the city dwellers depending on the location factors of city dwellers and amenities a city provides.


Vandalism is an action with social, psychological, spatial and economical aspects that have negative impacts on the environment. Although it seems impossible to eliminate vandalism completely, it is thought that it may be alleviated by some spatial measures. This study is aimed at paradigm of presence and impacts of act of vandalism in open public spaces in the cities and interrogation of the measures that can be taken against this action. In this study, act of Vandalism is examined based on equipment type-action type relation, color factor, material factor and previous damage-repetition factor. A field study was conducted within this study based on such 4 factors. The case area is taken as the urban parks located at three different locations in Trabzon-Turkey: Ahmet Sener Park, Adnan Kahveci Park and 100. Yil Park. The measures designed to be taken, considering the urban equipment, are discussed based on the results of this study conducted using an observation method.