The role of adipocytokines on depressive symptoms of patients with chronic kidney disease.


KAYNAR K. , OZKORUMAK E., Kural B. V. , ULUSOY Ş. , CANSIZ M. , AKCAN B., ...More

Renal failure, vol.35, no.8, pp.1094-100, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/0886022x.2013.817257
  • Title of Journal : Renal failure
  • Page Numbers: pp.1094-100

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate depression and anxiety scores among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and to search the changes of serum concentrations of adipokines with respect to emotional disturbances of CKD patients. Patients and methods: 150 patients recruited into this cross-sectional analytic study. Study groups were control, hemodialysis, predialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation groups. Fasting morning serum leptin, ghrelin, acylated ghrelin, neuropeptide Y, adiponectin, resistin levels of all of the groups were measured using ELISA (Sandwich) method. A screening interview based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and self-report scales (The Beck Depression [BDI] and The Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI] and Brief Symptom Inventory [BSI] which is self report scales) were administered and conducted by a trained interviewer. Results: BDI scores were significantly higher in hemodialysis and predialysis groups compared to control group (p = 0.009). Somatization sub scores of BSI were significantly higher in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis groups compared to control group (p = 0.041). Also positive symptom distress index scores of BSI were significantly higher in hemodialysis and transplantation groups compared to control group (p = 0.047). BDI score were significantly negatively correlated with duration of education (r = -0.165, p = 0.045), positively correlated with presence of protein energy wasting (r = 0.198, p = 0.016), and resistin levels (r = 0.233, p = 0.004). Conclusion: CKD patients had higher BDI, BSI-somatization, BSI-positive symptom distress index scores compared to control group. High serum resistin levels, presence of protein energy wasting might have a role in development of depressive disorders of patients with chronic kidney disease.