A new single nucleopolyhedrovirus isolate from Cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Detection, characterization and virulence


Eroglu G. B. , NALÇACIOĞLU R. , Nakai M., DEMİRBAĞ Z.

ACTA VIROLOGICA, vol.64, no.3, pp.344-351, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4149/av_2020_312
  • Title of Journal : ACTA VIROLOGICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.344-351

Abstract

This study was focused on the detection, characterization and virulence of a new baculovirus isolate from the larvae of cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). T. ni is a polyphagous pest, and it has cosmopolitan distribution. An infected T. ni larvae was collected from a cabbage field in Turkey. Scanning electron microscopy studies showed the presence of typical occlusion bodies (OBs) with average size of 0.76 to 1.46 mu m in the collected larvae. Since the virions have single nucleocapsid within the envelopes, the isolate was named as Trichoplusia ni single nucleopolyhedrovirus Turkey isolate (TrniSNPV-TR). The total genome of the TrniSNPV-TR was determined as 122.9 kb in size. Sequence analysis of the amplified late expression factor 8 (lef8), late expression factor 9 (lef9) and polyhedrin (polh) genes showed that the virus is a new isolate of nucleopolyhedroviruses and close to Trichoplusia ni SNPV isolates mentioned in the literature. However, this is the first study for the detection and characterization of a baculovirus from T. ni in Eurasian region. Insecticidal activities of the TrniSNPV-TR isolate (106 OBs/ml(-1)) against neonate, 3rdand 5th instar larvae of T. ni and Helicoverpa armigera showed 98%-91%, 91%-87% and 65%-60% mortalities, respectively, within 14 days. LC50 of TrniSNPV-TR was determined as 2x10(3)-9x10(3), 3x10(4)-7x10(4) and 1x10(5)-2x10(5) OBs/ml on neonate, 3rd and 5th instar larvae, respectively. All these results showed that, TrniSNPV-TR has good potential to be utilized as a bio-pesticide against T. ni larvae in the future.