The Effect of Al and Ti Transition Metals on the Wear Resistance of Ceramic Based CrN Coatings; Investigation under Ambient Air and Vacuum Conditions

Sert Y. , Küçükömeroğlu T. , Kahramanzade H. , Göz O.

Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part L-Journal Of Materials-Design And Applications, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-10, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/14644207211046122
  • Title of Journal : Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part L-Journal Of Materials-Design And Applications
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10


In the present study, CrN, CrAlN and CrAlTiN coatings were deposited using the cathodic arc evaporation technique. The structural investigations of these CrN based coatings were performed by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffractometer. The hardness and adhesion strength values of coatings were determined via Vickers type microhardness tester and progressive load scratch tester, respectively. The wear performance of samples was established at ambient air and vacuum condition. All coatings grew in the “T zone” growth model and had a dense and columnar structure. The XRD patterns presented predominantly (220), (110), and (111) reflections. It was demonstrated that the quaternary coating had a higher texture parameter as 0.68, which was related to the highest thickness and hardness. Also, CrAlTiN coatings with the smallest mean crystallite size of ∼87 nm showed the best hardness, and this ensured relatively high scratch resistance. CrN and CrAlTiN coatings improved wear performance under ambient air condition but were not striking as under vacuum condition. The quaternary coating had a superior performance in the vacuum condition, but due to the high sensitivity of Ti to oxygen, it fell behind the CrN coating under ambient air condition.