Sample Data from Shipping Companies: Women in the Turkish Seafarers Registry and Their Employment Situation

Yilmaz H., Basar E., Ozdemir U.

SAFETY OF MARINE TRANSPORT, pp.13-20, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Page Numbers: pp.13-20


Throughout history, women have struggled to gain a place and establish their presence in social life. Mostly, they have continued their life in the position of carrying out family responsibilities. When women want to get involved in the business world, they are facing some problems arising from dogmatic thinking and prejudices, especially among the professions with "male-dominated" judiciary. Maritime profession, one of the oldest professions in the world, was also regarded as a single-gender area until the 20th century. However, in recent years, economical and political changes in the world, equal opportunity in education and incentive works of the International Maritime Organization have led women to work as seafarers. Although female seafarers constitute 2% of the world seafarers, this ratio is higher in developed countries than that of undeveloped or developing countries. In Turkey, women have played an active role and gained an apparent identity in the maritime sector since the 2000s. According to 2012 data, Turkey is ranks the 15th in the world maritime trade with more than 24 million deadweight tonnage and manages 1879 vessels. In Turkey, many studies related to the employment of seafarers are carried out as in the whole world. However, studies on the employment of women seafarers should be paid more attention. In this study, a questionnaire was carried out with the personnel department managers in Turkish shipping companies. Employment, career, educational status of female seafarers and the general difficulties they face were revealed.