Experimental Performance Evaluation of the αβ0-Based Bus Differential Protection

Saleh S., ÖZKOP E., Ahshan R., Al-Durra A., Valdes M., Mardegan C.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, vol.59, no.3, pp.2919-2931, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tia.2023.3247399
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2919-2931
  • Keywords: and experimental testing, Bus-differential protection, current transformer saturation, grid-connected battery storage systems, instantaneous apparent power
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents the experimental performance assessment of the alpha beta 0-based bus differential protection (BDP). This protection is developed for buses that interconnect battery storage systems (BSSs). The tested BDP employs alpha beta 0 components of the apparent powers flowing in all branches that are connected to the protected bus. The alpha beta 0 components of apparent powers allow accommodating frequent changes in the direction of power flows due to the charging/discharging modes of the BSS operation. In each branch connected to the protected bus, the 3 phi apparent powers are determined using the measured branch currents and voltage (at the protected bus). The alpha beta 0-based BDP is implemented using a digital processing board for experimental testing for a laboratory setup. The test setup is composed of a bus that interconnects a 4 kW BSS, and feeds 3 phi linear and dynamic loads. The performance of the alpha beta 0-based BDP is assessed for responding to various internal and external faults occurring during the charging and discharging of the BSS. Experimental results reveal encouraging abilities of the tested BDP to initiate fast, accurate, and reliable responses to internal and external faults. Observed response features are complimented with a negligible sensitivity to the BSS mode of operation, fault type, and/or fault location.