$\alpha \beta 0$-Based Bus Differential Protection">

Experimental Performance Evaluation of the <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$\alpha \beta 0$</tex-math></inline-formula>-Based Bus Differential Protection

Saleh S., ÖZKOP E., Ahshan R., Al-Durra A., Valdes M., Mardegan C.

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tia.2023.3247399
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: and experimental testing, Bus-differential protection, Circuit faults, Current measurement, current transformer saturation, Fault currents, grid-connected battery storage systems, instantaneous apparent power, Power systems, Reactive power, Testing, Voltage measurement
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents the experimental performance assessment of the $\alpha \beta 0$-based bus differential protection (BDP). This protection is developed for buses that interconnect battery storage systems (BSSs). The tested BDP employs $\alpha \beta 0$ components of the apparent powers flowing in all branches that are connected to the protected bus. The $\alpha \beta 0$ components of apparent powers allow accommodating frequent changes in the direction of power flows due to the charging/discharging modes of the BSS operation. In each branch connected to the protected bus, the $3\phi$ apparent powers are determined using the measured branch currents and voltage (at the protected bus). The $\alpha \beta 0$-based BDP is implemented using a digital processing board for experimental testing for a laboratory setup. The test setup is composed of a bus that interconnects a 4 kW BSS, and feeds $3\phi$ linear and dynamic loads. The performance of the $\alpha \beta 0$-based BDP is assessed for responding to various internal and external faults occurring during the charging and discharging of the BSS. Experimental results reveal encouraging abilities of the tested BDP to initiate fast, accurate, and reliable responses to internal and external faults. Observed response features are complimented with a negligible sensitivity to the BSS mode of operation, fault type, and/or fault location.