Pre-eruptive conditions revealed by mega- and pheno-cryst compositions from the Quaternary Erzincan Volcanics, Eastern Turkey: Insights into the magma processes

Karsli O.

CHEMIE DER ERDE-GEOCHEMISTRY, vol.66, no.4, pp.277-305, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemer.2006.01.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.277-305
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Quaternary Erzincan Volcanics (QEVs) from the Erzincan Basin consist of mega- and pheno-cryst-bearing high-K calc-alkaline dome lavas. Fourteen nearly phenocrystic domes, with a range of basaltic-andesite, andesite, dacite and rhyolite compositions, were emplaced in the North Anatolian Fault Zone. The emplacement ages yielded by the unspiked K-Ar technique range from 102 to 140 ka. The andesitic domes (each less than 3 km in diameter) contain amphibole megacrysts. Amphibole compositions show a linear variation from ferro-edenite, edenite to pargasite from rhyolite to andesite. Pargasitic amphibole megacrysts scattered into the groundmass are very similar in composition to the microlites. All plagioclases are 10 km for storage region of the crust. The fO(2) values vary from -14.25 to -15.35 log units which are plotted just below nickel-nickel oxide (NNO) buffers. The systematic decrease in thermobarometric results from andesite to rhyolite is consistent with a single magma reservoir moving upward through the crust followed by fractional crystallization. Textural and compositional relationships of mega- and pheno-crystic phases suggest that magma mixing, fluid input to the reservoir and fractional crystallization processes, with a small amount crustal contamination play key role in evolution of the QEVs. (C) 2006 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.