Vernacular Building Heritage in the Eastern Black Sea Region in Turkey

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Özen H., Keleş S.

Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, vol.7, no.6, pp.867-875, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)



The eastern Black Sea Region, in Turkey, has a significantly authentic characteristic as regards to its rural architecture. The climate, geography, and local living culture in the region have developed an invaluable rural built environment in terms of cultural heritage. Thus, the architectural heritage of the region shows the perfect balance between the nature and human life, there is a need to understand the value of the vernacular architecture heritage in the region. The architecture is a response to functional requirements as well as environmental factors. Indeed, rural architectural of this region is a reflection of the cultural values of the society, behavioural patterns of the people and environmental factors from the past. In this study, the aim is understand and appreciate this heritage through systematic surveying and documentation in eastern Black Sea Region composed from Trabzon, Rize and Artvin Cities. Further aims are the establishment of an architectural typology based on the plan, façade and site plan, and materials use, with the goal to develop guidelines for new buildings in the region.


Rural architecture, vernacular architecture, black sea region, cultural heritage.