Metal ion complexation in acetonitrile by cone, di-ionised calix[4]arene-1,2-crown ethers with two pendant dansyl fluorophores


OCAK Ü. , OCAK M. , TU C., BARTSCH R. A.

SUPRAMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY, cilt.23, ss.743-752, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10610278.2011.626039
  • Dergi Adı: SUPRAMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.743-752

Özet

Four cone calix[4]arene-1,2-crown ethers each with two ionisable side arms containing dansyl groups are synthesised. The crown ether ring on the lower rim is varied from crown-4 to crown-5 with hydrogen or tert-butyl groups on the para position of the upper rim. Di(tetramethylammonium) salts of the di-ionised ligands are utilised for spectrofluorimetric titration experiments in MeCN. The influence of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and selected transition and heavy metal (Co2+, Fe2+, Hg2+, Mn2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and Fe3+) cations on the spectroscopic properties of the two dansyl groups linked to the lower rim of the conformationally locked, di-ionised calix[4]arene-1,2-crown ether frameworks is investigated by emission spectrophotometry. All of the metal cations induce red shifts in the emission spectra of the di-ionised ligands. The metal cations produce enhancement or quenching of the fluorescence emissions. Changes in the fluorescence emission as a function of the metal cation identity, the lower rim crown ether ring size and the absence or presence of upper rim tert-butyl groups are investigated.