Relationships between anthropometric measurements, muscle strength and body awareness

Kalkışım Ş. N., Çan M. A., Erden A., Uzun Ö., Ertemoğlu Öksüz C., Zihni N. B.

ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA, vol.122, no.1, pp.31-42, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 122 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13760-020-01578-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-42
  • Keywords: Anthropometry, Body awareness, Body circumferences, Morphometry, Anatomy, Muscle strength
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Most studies on body awareness offer data on assessment and treatment in disease situations. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between anthropometric measurements and body awareness level of healthy people. The study was carried out with 289 volunteer students between the ages of 18-25 who studied at university. Anthropometric measurements included height, weight, circumference measurements and measurement rates, skinfold thicknesses. In addition, grip strength and lower limb muscle strength was evaluated. The level of body awareness was evaluated by the Body Awareness Questionnaire. The mean age of the participants included in the study was 19.34 +/- 1.48. Sixty five percent were female and 35% were male. A negative correlation was found between body weight and body awareness level (p = 0.02). According to the results of canonical correlation analysis, the model created with circumference measurement rates and sub-dimensions of the Body Awareness Questionnaire was found significant. There was significantly correlated between the changes in the body process and attention to responses, which are sub-dimension, and total right measurement of the lower limb (r:0.124; p: 0.035). In addition, there was a significant relationship between sleep-wakefulness cycle and waist-to-thigh ratios (r:- 0.172; p: 0.003). Our study showed that body awareness is directly related to body weight, lower limb circumference measurements, and waist-to-thigh ratio. These data revealed the effect of body awareness on anatomical structures.