This paper both describes the framework of the ecosystem based multiple use forest management (ETCAP) approach and its implementation in a case study area. The new management philosophy has four important pillars; the integration of biodiversity conservation into forest management process, characterization and accommodation of multiple forest values, effective participation of stakeholders and use of advanced information technologies and management science techniques. These components are relatively new to forestry in Turkey and calls for a sound framework of forest management planning system as ownership, land use policy, social structure and forest ecosystems are unique to the country. Some experiences from the case study area of Yanlizcam planning unit were documented to realize the performance of the concept. The liaison between the government institutions and major stakeholders is found necessary, and the effective use of Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) have been realized to be critically important. The case study supported the idea that effective participation as communication has better possibilities to promote multiple use forest management than participation as information gathering. Primary challenges relate to the effectiveness of a conservation program, availability of coherent biodiversity data, inadequacy of institutional capacity; awareness, training and common understanding of biodiversity and protected area concept; coordination among the related institutions and stakeholders, and willingness and enthusiasm of authorities to accept and implement the concept.