Attitudes of Turkish Academics Regarding Violence Against Women in the Name of Honor


Calik K. Y.

JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, cilt.33, ss.3232-3254, 2018 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 33 Konu: 20
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0886260517739288
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3232-3254

Özet

Honor is an important concept that has a vital value in Turkey and affects many women's lives and even causes death. It is of utmost importance to know and scientifically demonstrate the value judgments of the academics that lead and pioneer the society in our country where honor culture is adopted. Therefore, in Turkey, where thousands of women are exposed to violence every year, 877 academics participated in this descriptive study to determine the attitudes of academics toward violence against women in the name of honor. The data were collected using The Scale for Attitudes Towards Violence Against Women in the Name of Honor (SAVWNH) in the form of electronic questionnaires through email addresses of the academics working at different faculties of the university in the official website of the university in September 1 to October 1, 2015. In our study, academics' attitudes towards violence against women in the name of honor were found low. That is, academics had negative attitudes toward the verbal or physical violence against women in the name of honor and opposed to the punishment of women for this reason. Nevertheless, the attitudes of those who were males; those who were not professors, associate professors, and assistant professors; those who were single; those who had lived in the district/village for a long time; those who had arranged marriages; those who used any kind of violence; and those who considered violence as a solution were found somewhat more conventional. These results showed that, for some academics, the traditional beliefs of the Turkish patriarchal society continued to be valid although they were included in university academic cultures. In fact, it is revealed here that social values, traditions, and customs are very effective and important on the formation of personality in socialization process.