SENSORS, vol.8, no.11, pp.7344-7358, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
GPS ( Global Positioning System) devices can be used in many applications which require accurate point positioning in geosciences. Accuracy of GPS decreases due to outliers resulted from the errors inherent in GPS observations. Several approaches have been developed to detect outliers in geodetic observations. It is important to determine which method is most effective at distinguishing outliers from normal observations. This paper investigates the behavior of conventional statistical test methods ( Data Snooping (DS), Tau and t tests), some robust methods ( Andrews's M-Estimation, Huber's M-Estimation, Tukey's M-Estimation, Danish Method, Yang-I M-Estimation, Yang-II M-Estimation, and fuzzy logic method in detection of outliers for three GPS networks having different characteristics. Test results are evaluated and the performances of different methods are presented quantitatively.