Rapid transition from MORB-type to SSZ-type oceanic crust generation following subduction initiation: insights from the mafic dikes and metamorphic soles in the Pozanti-Karsanti ophiolite, SE Turkey


Xin G., Chu Y., Su B., Lin W., UYSAL İ. , Feng Z.

CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, vol.176, no.9, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 176 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00410-021-01821-5
  • Title of Journal : CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • Keywords: Ophiolite, Mafic dike, Metamorphic sole, Subduction initiation, Magma transition, TAURIDE BELT OPHIOLITES, SOUTHERN TURKEY, SEMAIL OPHIOLITE, XIGAZE OPHIOLITE, INTRAOCEANIC SUBDUCTION, ISOTOPIC CONSTRAINTS, TETHYAN OPHIOLITES, OMAN OPHIOLITE, INDIAN-OCEAN, SUTURE ZONE

Abstract

The Pozanti-Karsanti ophiolite is one of the well-preserved supra-subduction-zone oceanic lithosphere slices. It offers a unique opportunity to study oceanic crust formation, and to specify subduction initiation processes of the Inner Tauride ocean in the Neo-Tethyan subduction system. The Pozanti-Karsanti ophiolite is tectonically underlain by a subophiolitic metamorphic sole and melanges. The metamorphic sole is mostly amphibolites that are enriched in light rare earth elements and large-ion lithophile elements, low epsilon(Nd)(t) values (+ 5.4 to + 8.3) and high Pb-207/Pb-204 ratios, suggesting an OIB-like geochemical affinity. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) zircon and titanite U-Pb ages reveal a protolith age at similar to 122.2 +/- 1.3 Ma and metamorphic age at 92-90 Ma for the amphibolites. Gabbro and diabase dikes intruded the metamorphic sole rocks and ophiolitic units at similar to 91 to 90 Ma. Their elemental and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic characteristics indicate a MORB-like mantle source, different from subduction fluid-altered dikes formed at 86.9 +/- 3.1 Ma. The temporal-geochemical sequence therefore suggests that the intra-oceanic subduction initiated at 91.9 +/- 0.8 Ma within an older lithosphere (> 122 Ma) of the Inner Tauride ocean. Incipient subduction led to forearc (ultra-)slow-spreading seafloor with mafic dikes of 91-90 Ma. The fast switch from MORB- to SSZ-type oceanic spreading might have occurred in less than 3 Myr and marks the inception of a mature subduction zone.