Feeding behaviour of whiting, Merlangius merlangus, L. in captivity

Seyhan K., GROVE D., KING J.

FISHERIES RESEARCH, vol.34, no.1, pp.39-45, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0165-7836(97)00080-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-45
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The feeding behaviour of medium sized (155.25 +/- 27.98 cm, n = 8) whiting, Merlangius merlangus, under laboratory conditions was investigated with continuous food availability. This investigation was made using both natural, Sprattus sprattus, and artificial diet which was monitored with a periodogram analysis obtained by a newly developed demand feeding unit. The return of appetite of large whiting (305.85 +/- 056.90 cm) was also studied. Medium size whiting consumed 5.29 g (wet weight)/day corresponding to 3.41% body weight, approximately three sprats of 1.88 g each. The return of appetite after a single meal was found to follow the gastric emptying curve closely. If food is not offered directly but made available through demand feeding, the whiting feed rhythmically (every 21 h); under these conditions, it was estimated that feeding activity returns when the stomach is 40% full. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.