Genome sequence analysis and organization of the Hyphantria cunea granulovirus (HycuGV-Hc1) from Turkey

Gencer D., Bayramoglu Z., NALÇACIOĞLU R. , DEMİRBAĞ Z. , DEMİR İ.

GENOMICS, vol.112, no.1, pp.459-466, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 112 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.03.008
  • Title of Journal : GENOMICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.459-466


The fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea) impacts a wide variety of crops and cultivated broadleaf plant species. The pest is native to North America, was introduced to Europe and has since spread further as far as central Asia. Despite several attempts to control its distribution, the pest continues to spread causing damage all over the world. A naturally occurring baculovirus, Hyphantria cunea granulovirus (HycuGV-Hc1), isolated from the larvae of H. cunea in Turkey appears to have a potential as microbial control agent against this pest. In this report we describe the complete genome sequence and organization of the granulovirus isolate (HycuGV-Hc1) that infects the larval stages and compare it to other baculovirus genomes. The HycuGV-Hc1 genome is a circular double-stranded DNA of 114,825 bp in size with a nucleotide distribution of 39.3% G + C. Bioinformatics analysis predicted 132 putative open reading frames of (ORFs) >= 150 nucleotides. There are 24 ORFs with unknown function. Seven homologous repeated regions (hrs) and two bro genes (bro-1 and bro-2) were identified in the genome. Comparison to other baculovirus genomes, HycuGV-Hc1 revealed some differences in gene content and organization. Gene parity plots and phylogenetics confirmed that HycuGV-Hc1 is a Betabaculovirus and is closely related to Plutella xylostella granulovirus. This study expands our knowledge on the genetic variation of HycuGV isolates and provides further novel knowledge on the nature of granuloviruses.