Radon (Rn-222) measurements were conducted in the Pileki Cave with Radim 3A Active Radon Monitor equipment. Measurements were also done with the passive sampling method with CR-39 nuclear track detectors by exposing them for three months in the cave. Radon concentrations obtained from the active and passive sampling methods showed that, firstly, the concentrations inside the cave measured by the latter method differed greatly due to high humidity levels up to 88%. The total inside radon exposure dose equivalent people were subjected to was estimated to be 19 mu Sv a(-1) for visitors and 24,065 mu Sv a(-1) for guides. The gamma absorbed dose rates were determined for inside and outside the cave. The dose rates were calculated by means of using the Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 activity concentrations and by means of real-time measurements. The gamma absorbed dose rates were found to be much higher than the value of 55 nGy h(-1) given by UNSCEAR. In addition, the mineralogical compositions and elemental analyses of samples taken from the cave were determined by XRD and WD-XRF methods.