Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa in a child and a review of the literature

Mocan H., Mocan M., Peru H., Ozoran Y.

ACTA PAEDIATRICA, vol.87, no.3, pp.351-353, 1998 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08035259850157471
  • Title of Journal : ACTA PAEDIATRICA
  • Page Numbers: pp.351-353


The cutaneous form of polyarteritis nodosa in children is extremely rare. Findings are usually limited to the skin, muscles and joints. It has a benign but often chronic course. We describe an 8-y-old girl with cutaneous PAN, with extensive livedo reticularis on lower and upper extremities, tender subcutaneous nodules, arthralgia and right ankle swelling. Skin biopsy revealed vasculitis of small and medium-sized blood vessels characterized by fibrinoid necrosis. The use of prednisolone resulted in clinical improvement initially, but recurrence occurred during tapering. She showed marked improvement with additional high dose methyl prednisolone monthly.