Ecology and evolutionary biology symposium, Ankara, Turkey, 6 - 07 August 2015, vol.00, no.0
Eco-Physiological Functioning of Oak Coppices in Southeast Terrestrial Ecosystems in Turkey
Ugur KEZİK1, Ferit KOCACINAR2
1Karadeniz Technical University, Forest Engineering, Soil Science and Ecology Department, Trabzon
2Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Forest Engineering, Silviculture Department, Kahramanmaras
Approximately 27.6% of Turkey's land area is covered by forests. This ratio is seems like near the averages in the world. But about half of the our forest assets are regarded as unproductive and degraded in terms of wood raw material. Degraded forestland in Turkey constitutes nearly 40% the oak species and coppice form and its occuring mostly in Souteastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Oak coppices in Southeastern Anatolia has been destroyed and formed shrubby bunchy by anthropogenic effects for the several decades. Even if this forest may regarded as unproductive and degraded, it has ability to sequestrate atmospheric CO2 with physiological actvity as all other plants. IIt is found that Branth’s oak coppice may produce 4.0 tonnes O2 and 3.75 tonnes net primary production by assimilating 5.5 tonnes atmospheric CO2 per year in one hectar. Consequantly, In contrast to popular belief, this oak ecosystem, in reducing CO2 which is one of the most significant of the greenhouse gases causing global warming, play an important role.
Key Words: Quercus branthii L., Tree Ecophysiology, Photosynthetical Properties, Oak Ecosystems